A qualitative study to explore views of patients’, carers’ and mental health professionals’ to inform cultural adaptation of CBT for psychosis (CBTp) in China

  • Weihui Li (Contributor)
  • Weihui Li (Contributor)
  • Xuerong Luo (Contributor)
  • Zhiling Liu (Contributor)
  • Zhiling Liu (Contributor)
  • Fang Lin (Contributor)
  • Zhiling Liu (Contributor)
  • Yuhuan Xie (Contributor)
  • Melissa Hudson (Contributor)
  • Shanaya Rathod (Contributor)
  • David Kingdon (Contributor)
  • Nusrat Husain (Contributor)
  • Zhiling Liu (Contributor)
  • Muhammad Ayub (Contributor)
  • Farooq Naeem (Contributor)



Abstract Background The evidence for effectiveness of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is robust and the national organizations in the United Kingdom and the United States recommend its use. It is not utilized to its full potential in low and middle-income countries. Adaptation of CBT treatment to the target culture may facilitate its uptake. This study explored views of patients with schizophrenia, their caregivers, and mental health professionals for the purpose of cultural adaptation of CBT. Method The project was conducted in a teaching hospital in China. Systematic content and question analysis were the techniques we used to analyse the data generated in a series of qualitative interviews (N 45) in China. After identification of emerging themes and categories we compared and contrasted the themes across different interviews recursively. Triangulation of themes and concepts was undertaken to compare further and contrast the data from the different participating groups. Results This work highlighted the barriers in therapy as well as opportunities for use of CBT in that environment. Patients and their carers in China use a bio-psycho-spiritual-social model of illness. CBT is not commonly used to help those with schizophrenia in China. Conclusions This study will facilitate the therapists using CBT for people with psychosis in China. These results require to be tested in clinical trials.
Date made available8 Apr 2017

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