Similarities in Autistic and Neurotypical Visual–Haptic Perception When Making Judgements About Conflicting Sensory Stimuli. Supplementary Materials



<p>A number of studies have shown that multisensory performance is well
predicted by a statistically optimal maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) model.
Under this model unisensory estimates are combined additively and weighted
according to relative reliability. Recent theories have proposed that atypical
sensation and perception commonly reported in autism spectrum condition (ASC)
may result from differences in the use of reliability information. Furthermore,
experimental studies have indicated that multisensory processing is less
effective in those with the condition in comparison to neurotypical (NT)
controls. In the present study, adults with ASC (<i>n </i>= 13) and a matched NT group (<i>n </i>= 13) completed a visual–haptic size judgement task (cf.
Gori <i>et al.</i>, 2008) in which participants compared the height of wooden
blocks using either vision or haptics, and in a dual modality condition in
which visual–haptic stimuli were presented in size conflict. Participants with
ASC tended to produce more reliable estimates than the NT group. However, dual
modality performance was not well predicted by the MLE model for either group.
Performance was subsequently compared to alternative models in which the
participant either switched between modalities trial to trial (rather than
integrating) and a model of non-optimal integration. Performance of both groups
was statistically comparable to the cue-switching model. These findings suggest
that adults with ASC adopted a similar strategy to NTs when processing
conflicting visual–haptic information. Findings are discussed in relation to
multisensory perception in ASC and methodological considerations associated with
multisensory conflict paradigms. </p>
Date made available31 Mar 2017

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