Triangulum: Demonstrating smart green growth in urban areas



Triangulum is a five year €25 million Horizon 2020 project funded by the European Union to demonstrate cutting-edge smart city technologies and roll them out across the globe.

The University is working with 23 European partners from urban municipalities, research institutions and industry to demonstrate ‘smart green growth’ – reducing carbon emissions whilst boosting the economy.

Over a five year period, Triangulum will transform designated urban districts into smart quarters in three ‘lighthouse cities’ Manchester, Eindhoven (Netherlands) and Stavanger (Norway).

Concepts learnt will be transferred to the ‘follower cities’ of Leipzig (Germany), Prague (Czech Republic) and Sabadell (Spain).


Triangulum is coordinated by the German technology management institute Fraunhofer IAO. It emerged out of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft’s Morgenstadt ‘City of Tomorrow’ initiative, selected from 19 submissions to the European Commission to be part of their Horizon 2020 Smart Cities and Communities (SCC) initiative.

Smart city development

Triangulum will demonstrate how a systems innovation approach, based around the European Commission’s SCC Strategic Implementation Plan (SIP), can drive dynamic smart city development. The suite of projects developed across the partnership are structured around:

• zero / low energy districts;
• integrated infrastructures; and
• sustainable urban mobility.

Taken together, schemes will be designed to deliver cross-cutting outcomes across different sectors and stakeholder groups. This will provide a basis upon which to ‘road test’ the SIP, and provide recommendations to the Commission on how it might be improved to better facilitate knowledge exchange and replication.