Personal profile


Dr Charlotte Bray joined the Lincoln Theological Institute at Manchester University as a postdoctoral research associate in September 2023. Her current research project is called 'Anti-Racism and Power in International Development: A Catholic Theological Approach.' Charlotte graduated with a PhD from Durham University in 2023. Her thesis constructively developed the idea of social sin within Catholic theological thought. She drew on a diverse range of thinkers from various disciplines including Judith Butler, Latin American Liberation Theologians, Thomas Aquinas, and leading figures in Catholic social thought. Her thesis has recently been accepted for publication by Bloomsbury in their series T&T Clark Studies in Systematic Theology. Her upcoming book will be titled 'Sin and the Vulnerability of Embodied Life: Towards a Catholic Theology of Social Sin'. Charlotte has previously held the position of CAFOD's Lead Trustee for Racial Justice, Equity, Diversity and Inclusion.

Research interests

Research interests include: Catholic social thought and practice; Liberation theologies; Political Theology; theological ethics; theological anthropology; Judith Butler and Queer Theory; the theological principles which underlie Christian commitments to anti-racism, equity, diversity and inclusion; and Christian theologies of sin and grace, particularly concerning the social and structural dimensions of sin.

Dr Charlotte Bray's current research project is called 'Anti-Racism and Power in International Development: A Catholic Theological Approach.' Issues of race and power are embedded in the international development sector's history and ways of working. The theological principles underlying Christian commitments to charity, international development and 'aid', while seemingly well-intentioned, have historically perpetuated the white gaze and contributed to white saviour narratives. Recently there have been calls for organisations within the sector to 'decolonise' their ways of working and commit to equity, diversity, and inclusion (EDI) initiatives. This project aims to develop a theological basis for anti-racism, EDI, and 'decolonising development' work within the UK and Ireland's international development and humanitarian aid sector. Through dialogue with Catholic practitioners, this project seeks to better resource Catholic organisations to make connections between the practical realities of EDI and anti-racism work and their values and identities as faith-based organisations. It will critically engage with Catholic social teaching and various political and liberation theologies to constructively develop a theological response to structural racism and the inequitable power dynamics present within the sector.

Education/Academic qualification

Doctor of Philosophy, Thesis Title: 'Sin and the Vulnerability of Embodied Life: Towards a Constructive Development of the Idea of Social Sin within the Catholic Tradition', University of Durham

Award Date: 5 Jan 2023

Master of Arts, Christian Theology (Catholic Studies), University of Durham

Award Date: 10 Jan 2019

Areas of expertise

  • BR Christianity
  • Catholic Social Thought and Practice
  • Theologies of Social Sin and Structural Sin
  • Liberation theologies
  • Political Theology
  • Theologies of Sin and Grace
  • Theological Ethics
  • Systematic Theology
  • Theological Anthropology
  • Catholic Theology
  • BJ Ethics
  • Judith Butler


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