Effects of Externalisation: EU Migration Governance in Africa and the Middle East (EFFEXT)

Project Details


This project examines the effects of the European Union’s (EU) external migration management policies from the perspectives of six major countries of origin, transit and destination in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Current migration towards Europe triggers political and social contestations. Preventing irregular immigration has become a major European priority and is also important to the UK and Nordic countries. To this end, partnerships with migrant origin and transit countries are central, and large amounts of EU, UK and Nordic public funds are invested in building the infrastructure of external migration management. Yet, migration is key for development across countries in Africa and the Middle East and it may seem paradoxical that they collaborate with European partners to reduce migration and increase returns. While studies thoroughly scrutinise these policies in continental Europe, the incentives and impact beyond Europe have largely been unexplored.

Dr Oliver Bakewell will be leading this project at GDI and will be responsible for co-ordinating the Ethiopia case-study and work on analytical comparison and theory development across all case studies.
Short titleR:HDD HDZ - EU Migration
Effective start/end date1/10/2030/09/24

Collaborative partners

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • Global inequalities
  • Global Development Institute


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