Accumulating evidence suggests that integrin recycling regulates cell migration. However, the lack of reagents to selectively target the trafficking of individual heterodimers, as opposed to endocytic transport as a whole, has made it difficult to define the contribution made by particular recycling pathways to directional cell movement. We show that autophosphorylation of protein kinase D1 (PKD1) at Ser916 is necessary for its association with αvβ3 integrin. Expression of PKD1916A or the use of mutants of β3 that do not bind to PKD1 selectively inhibits short-loop, Rab4-dependent recycling of αvβ3, and this suppresses the persistence of fibroblast migration. However, we report that short-loop recycling does not directly contribute to fibroblast migration by moving αvβ3 to the cell front, but by antagonizing α5β1 recycling, which, in turn, influences the cell's decision to migrate with persistence or to move randomly. © The Rockefeller University Press.