β2-Adrenergic genotypes and risk of severe exacerbations in COPD: a prospective cohort study

Truls Sylvan Ingebrigtsen, Jørgen Vestbo, Line Rode, Jacob Louis Marott, Peter Lange, Børge G Nordestgaard

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Abstract

Background: Individual susceptibility to exacerbations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is likely influenced by genetic factors; however, most such variance is unexplained. We hypothesized that β2-adrenergic receptor genotypes, Gly16Arg (rs1042713, c.46G>A) and Gln27Glu (rs1042714, c.79C>G) influence risk of severe exacerbations in COPD. Methods: Among 96,762 individuals in the Copenhagen General Population Study, we identified 5,262 with COPD (forced expiratory volume in one second divided by forced vital capacity, FEV1/FVC, below 0.7, FEV1 less than 80% of predicted value, age above forty years, and no asthma) who had genotyping performed. Severe exacerbations were defined as acute admissions due to COPD during five years of follow-up (mean 3.4 years). 923 individuals with COPD diagnosed similarly in the Copenhagen City Heart Study were used for replication analyses. Results: We recorded 461 severe exacerbations in 5,262 subjects. The hazard ratios for severe exacerbations were 1.62 (95% confidence interval, 1.30 to 2.03, p=0.00002) for 16Gly/Arg heterozygotes and 1.41 (1.04 to 1.91, p=0.03) for 16Arg homozygotes, compared to 16Gly homozygotes. Hazard ratios were 1.35 (1.03 to 1.76, p=0.03) for 27Gln/Glu heterozygotes and 1.49 (1.12 to 1.98, p=0.006) for 27Gln homozygotes, compared to 27Glu homozygotes. Similar trends were observed in the Copenhagen City Heart Study. Among 27Gln homozygotes only, hazard ratios were 5.20 (1.81 to 14.9, p=0.002) for 16Gly/Arg heterozygotes and 4.03 (1.40 to 11.6, p=0.01) for 16Arg homozygotes, compared to 16Gly homozygotes. Conclusion: Common β2-adrenergic receptor genotypes influence risk of severe exacerbations in COPD, possibly mainly by genetic influence of the 16Arg allele in rs1042713.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)thoraxjnl-2018-212340
JournalThorax
Early online date3 Sept 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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