70-kDa heat shock protein expression in cultured rat astrocytes after hypoxia: regulatory effect of almitrine

Jean Christophe Copin, Emmanuel Pinteaux, Marc Ledig, Georges Tholey

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Induction of heat shock proteins (Hsps), especially the 70-kDa family, is well observed in nervous tissues in response to various stressful conditions. By using rat astrocytes in primary culture, the expression of the inducible (Hsp70) and the constitutive (Hsc70) 70-kDa Hsps immunoreactivity of cells exposed to hypoxic conditions has been investigated. We observed that exposure of astroglial cells to an hypoxic-normoxic sequence induces a significant decrease of Hsc70 immunoreactivity. The presence of the heat inducible stress protein Hsp70 is never observed in hypoxic cells not in control. Hsc 70 lowering is associated with ultrastructural alterations characterized by mitochondria swelling, formation of vacuoles and accumulation of dense material in the cell cytoplasm. The effects of addition of almitrine to the culture medium before and during hypoxia on Hsps immunoreactivity have been examined. The presence of the drug prevents the decrease of Hsc 70 immunoreactivity induced by hypoxia. Furthermore, some ultrastructural improvement is observed in astroglial cells treated with almitrine suggesting some protecting role of Hsc70 on cell damage induced by hypoxia. © 1995 Plenum Publishing Corporation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)11-15
    Number of pages4
    JournalNeurochemical research
    Volume20
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 1995

    Keywords

    • almitrine
    • Astroglia
    • heat shock protein
    • Hsc70
    • hypoxia

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