A Catalog of Short Period Spectroscopic and Eclipsing Binaries Identified from the LAMOST & PTF Surveys

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Binaries play key roles in determining stellar parameters and exploring stellar evolution models. We build a catalog of 88 eclipsing binaries with spectroscopic information, taking advantage of observations from both the Large Sky Area Multi-Object fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST) and the Palomar Transient Factory (PTF) surveys. A software pipeline is constructed to identify binary candidates by examining their light curves.
The orbital periods of binaries are derived from the Lomb-Scargle method. The key distinguishing features of eclipsing binaries are recognized by a new filter Flat Test. We classify the eclipsing binaries by applying Fourier analysis on the light curves. Among all the binary stars, 13 binaries are identified as eclipsing binaries for the first time. The catalog contains information: position, primary eclipsing magnitude and time, eclipsing
depth, the number of photometry and radial velocity observations, largest radial velocity difference, binary type, the effective temperature of observable star T eff , and surface gravity of observable star log g. The false-positive probability is calculated by using both a Monte Carlo simulation and real data from the SDSS Stripe 82 Standard Catalog. The binaries in the catalog are mostly with a period of less than one day. The period distribution shows a 0.22-day cut-off which is consistent with the low probability of an eclipsing binary rotating with such a period.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 4 Jun 2020


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