A combined strategy for quantitative trait loci detection by genome-wide association.

Alex C Lam, Joseph Powell, Wen-Hua Wei, Dirk-Jan de Koning, Chris S Haley

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    BACKGROUND: We applied a range of genome-wide association (GWA) methods to map quantitative trait loci (QTL) in the simulated dataset provided by the 12th QTLMAS workshop in order to derive an effective strategy. RESULTS: A variance component linkage analysis revealed QTLs but with low resolution. Three single-marker based GWA methods were then applied: Transmission Disequilibrium Test and single marker regression, fitting an additive model or a genotype model, on phenotypes pre-corrected for pedigree and fixed effects. These methods detected QTL positions with high concordance to each other and with greater refinement of the linkage signals. Further multiple-marker and haplotype analyses confirmed the results with higher significance. Two-locus interaction analysis detected two epistatic pairs of markers that were not significant by marginal effects. Overall, using stringent Bonferroni thresholds we identified 9 additive QTL and 2 epistatic interactions, which together explained about 12.3% of the corrected phenotypic variance. CONCLUSION: The combination of methods that are robust against population stratification, like QTDT, with flexible linear models that take account of the family structure provided consistent results. Extensive simulations are still required to determine appropriate thresholds for more advanced model including epistasis.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalBMC Proceedings
    Volume3 Suppl 1
    Publication statusPublished - 2009


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