A comparison of control banding tools for nanomaterials

Araceli Sánchez Jiménez, Julia Varet, Gordon J Fern, Steven M Hankin, Martie Van Tongeren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Control banding (CB) is a useful approach to evaluate and control the risk of exposure to nanomaterials (NM) due to uncertainty surrounding their toxicity and challenges associated with their measurement. Four CB tools specifically developed for NMs (NanoSafer, Stoffenmanager-Nano, NanoTool, and the Precautionary matrix) have been evaluated for their changes to differences in hazard and exposure input data. The hazard and exposure classification were also compared with experimental data. The tools provided different hazard and emission/exposure outputs when compared with each other and with experimental data. For some of the tools the information required to estimate the hazard is not always available in the Safety Data Sheet and it requires expert judgement. The tools have the potential to be valuable starting points to assess areas of high priority, although outputs should be interpreted with care. Further work should be done to improve their estimates, especially the inclusion of modifiers that account for the effectiveness of the ventilation and the effect of high temperatures during the process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)936-949
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016


  • Journal Article


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