A comparison of endothelial cell growth on commercial coronary stents with and without laser surface texturing

Nazanin Mirhosseini, Lin Li, Zhu Liu, Mamas Mamas, Douglas Fraser, Tao Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Complete endothelialisation of coronary stents is an important determinant of future thrombotic complications following coronary stenting. Stent surface texture is an important factor that influences endothelial cell growth. With the emergence of second and third generation coronary stents, is limited comparative data describing endothelial cell growth in contemporary stent platforms, and limited data available on approaches used to rapidly modify the surfaces of commercial coronary stents to improve endothelialisation. In this study we have determined the in vitro proliferation of the primary human coronary artery endothelial cells on the commonly used 4 types of commercial coronary stents and found that the inner surface of BioMatrix drug-eluting stents (DES), after eliminating of the polymer and drug coating, had significantly higher endothelial cell proliferation compared to that of other bare metal stents (BMS): Multi-Link8, Integrity and Omega. The surfaces of the 3 types of BMS which are smooth, displayed similar endothelial cell proliferation, suggesting the importance of surface features in manipulating endothelial cell growth. Laser surface texturing was used to create micro/nano patterns on the stents. The laser treatment has significantly increased endothelial proliferation on the inner surfaces of all 4 types of stents, and Multi-Link8 stents displayed the highest (>100%) improvement. The laser textured BioMatrix stents had the highest absolute number of endothelial cells growth. Our results provided useful information in the endothelialisation potential for the commonly used commercial coronary stents and suggested a potential future application of laser surface bioengineering to coronary stents for better biocompatibility of the device.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e26425
JournalHeliyon
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2024

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