A conductive pathway generated from fragments of the human red cell anion exchanger AE1

Mark D. Parker, Mark T. Young, Christopher M. Daly, Robert W. Meech, Walter F. Boron, Michael J A Tanner

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    Human red cell anion exchanger AE1 (band 3) is an electroneutral Cl-HCO3- exchanger with 12-14 transmembrane spans (TMs). Previous work using Xenopus oocytes has shown that two co-expressed fragments of AE1 lacking TMs 6 and 7 are capable of forming a stilbene disulphonate-sensitive 36Cl-influx pathway, reminiscent of intact AE1. In the present study, we create a single construct, AE1Δ(6: 7), representing the intact protein lacking TMs 6 and 7. We expressed this construct in Xenopus oocytes and evaluated it employing a combination of two-electrode voltage clamp and pH-sensitive microelectrodes. We found that, whereas AE1Δ(6: 7) has some electroneutral Cl-base exchange activity, the protein also forms a novel anion-conductive pathway that is blocked by DIDS. The mutation Lys 539 Ala at the covalent DIDS-reaction site of AE1 reduced the DIDS sensitivity, demonstrating that (1) the conductive pathway is intrinsic to AE1Δ(6: 7) and (2) the conductive pathway has some commonality with the electroneutral anion-exchange pathway. The conductance has an anion-permeability sequence: NO3- ≈ I- > NO2- > Br- > C- > SO42- ≈ HCO3- ≈ gluconate- ≈ aspartate- ≈ cyclamate-. It may also have a limited permeability to Na+ and the zwitterion taurine. Although this conductive pathway is not a usual feature of intact mammalian AE1, it shares many properties with the anion-conductive pathways intrinsic to two other Cl-HCO3- exchangers, trout AE1 and mammalian SLC26A7. © 2007 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2007 The Physiological Society.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)33-50
    Number of pages17
    JournalJournal of Physiology
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2007


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