A European innovation system in pharmaceuticals?

Jeremy Howells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper analyses the emergence and development of a European pharmaceutical system. In particular it reviews and assesses the influence of new institutional and regulatory frameworks on the creation of this pan-European pharmaceutical system. The paper then explores the implications of the formation of this process on our conceptualisation of the more specific 'systems of innovation' approach.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-114
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Biotechnology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • Institutions
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Regulation
  • Systems of innovation
  • Technological innovation


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