A Framework for Analyzing System Loadability with Multiple VSCs using a Hybrid Model

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Due to the increasing number of power electronics-based devices in modern power systems, there are concerns about the impact of higher-frequency interactions on system stability. The typically-used algebraic representation of networks fails to capture these newly emergent issues, but dynamically modelling the entire network with differential equations will lead to a prohibitively long simulation time. This paper proposes a computationally-efficient analysis framework to determine the system loadability in power electronics-rich, large networks with the consideration of multiple types of stabilities. The framework developed in this paper identifies the critical network elements based on the eigenvalue sensitivity in order to exploit a hybrid modelling approach. Within the hybrid model, only the critical network portion is modelled dynamically with the rest of the network represented by algebraic equations. Bifurcation theory is used to simultaneously analyze both small-disturbance rotor angle and small-disturbance voltage stability. The results obtained show that the high-frequency interactions are accurately captured with the pro-posed framework. Additionally, applying this methodology results in a small dimension for the system matrix and a reduction in the computational burden. Two test networks, a three-bus system and the IEEE 39-bus system, are used to illustrate and verify the analysis framework.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2023


  • Bifurication
  • Hybrid model
  • Loadability
  • Interactions
  • VSCs


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