A general approach for modeling complex fluids: its application to concentrated emulsions under shear

Xue-Feng Yuan, Masao Doi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    We present a general Lagrangian-Eulerian approach for modeling complex fluid flows. Our method can track the microstructure evolution of complex fluids under flow in a natural phys. way. It is esp. useful for mesoscopic modeling of complex fluids in which the characteristic time and length scales are usually several orders of magnitude higher than those for simple fluids. The method is illustrated by studying hydrodynamically interacting two-dimensional concd. emulsions under Couette flow. We have carried out the simulations of concd. emulsions under shear over a range of capillary no. (0.1???????Ca???????0.6) with a fixed area fraction ?????=0.4 and viscosity ratio ????=1. The results show that concd. emulsions exhibit the characteristics of viscoelastic fluids: strong shear thinning of shear stress and non-zero of first normal stress difference. Deformable drops can glide past each other with less resistance than in the case of hard suspensions and hence reduce shear stress. We have found that the dependence of the first normal stress difference on shear rate changes from quadratic to linear as the shear rate increases. In the regime of larger capillary nos., highly inhomogeneous behavior of drops and the dumbbell shape of drops can be clearly obsd. [on SciFinder(R)]
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)305-318
    JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
    Volume144
    Issue number1-3
    Publication statusPublished - 1998

    Keywords

    • Emulsions
    • Flow
    • Hydrodynamics
    • Microstructure
    • Shear stress
    • Simulation and Modeling (modeling complex fluids and its application to concd. emulsions under shear)
    • Flow (shear
    • modeling complex fluids and its application to concd. emulsions under shear)
    • emulsion concd shear flow

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