A lightweight approach to research object data packaging

Eoghan Ó Carragáin, Carole Goble, Peter Sefton, Stian Soiland-Reyes

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review

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A Research Object (RO) provides a machine-readable mechanism to communicate the diverse set of digital and real-world resources that contribute to an item of research. The aim of an RO is to evolve from traditional academic publication as a static PDF, to rather provide a complete and structured archive of the items (such as people, organisations, funding, equipment, software etc) that contributed to the research outcome, including their identifiers, provenance, relations and annotations.

This is of particular importance as all domains of research and science are increasingly relying on computational analysis, yet we are facing a reproducibility crisis because key components are often not sufficiently tracked, archived or reported.

Here we propose Research Object Crate (or RO-Crate for short), an emerging lightweight approach to packaging research data with their structured metadata, rephrasing the Research Object model as schema.org annotations to formalize a JSON-LD format that can be used independently of infrastructure, e.g. in GitHub or Zenodo archives. RO-Crate can be extended for domain-specific descriptions, aiming at a wide variety of applications and repositories to encourage FAIR sharing of reproducible datasets and analytical methods.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jun 2019
EventBioinformatics Open Source Conference (BOSC) 2019 - ISMB/ECCB 2019, Congress Center Basel, Basel, Switzerland
Duration: 24 Jul 201925 Jul 2019
Conference number: 2019


ConferenceBioinformatics Open Source Conference (BOSC) 2019
Abbreviated titleBOSC2019
Internet address


  • data packaging
  • research object
  • linked data


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  • Packaging research artefacts with RO-Crate

    Soiland-Reyes, S., Sefton, P., Crosas, M., Castro, L. J., Coppens, F., Fernández, J. M., Garijo, D., Grüning, B., La Rosa, M., Leo, S., Ó Carragáin, E., Portier, M., Trisovic, A., RO-Crate Community, Groth, P. & Goble, C., 20 Jul 2022, In: Data Science. 5, 2, p. 97-138 42 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Open Access
  • RO-Crate Metadata Specification 1.1

    Sefton, P., Carragáin, E. Ó., Soiland-Reyes, S., Corcho, O., Garijo, D., Palma, R., Coppens, F., Goble, C., Fernández, J. M., Chard, K., Gomez-Perez, J. M., Crusoe, M. R., Eguinoa, I., Juty, N., Holmes, K., Clark, J. A., Capella-Gutierrez, S., Gray, A. J. G., Owen, S., Williams, A. R., & 18 othersTartari, G., Bacall, F., Thelen, T., Ménager, H., Rodríguez-Navas, L., Walk, P., whitehead, B., Wilkinson, M., Groth, P., Bremer, E., Castro, LJ. G., Sebby, K., Kanitz, A., Trisovic, A., Kennedy, G., Graves, M., Koehorst, J. & Leo, S., 30 Oct 2020, researchobject.org. 75 p.

    Research output: Book/ReportBook

    Open Access
  • RO-Crate: a lightweight approach to Research Object data packaging.

    Carragáin, E. Ó., Goble, C. A., Sefton, P. & Soiland-Reyes, S., 29 Jun 2019.

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

    Open Access

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