A mathematical model of the cell cycle of a hybridoma cell line

D.B.F. Faraday, P. Hayter, N.F. Kirkby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A one-dimensional age-based population balance model of the cell cycle is proposed for a mouse-mouse hybridoma cell line (mm321) producing immunoglobulin G antibody to paraquat. It includes the four conventional cell cycle phases, however, G1 is divided into two parts (G1a and G1b). Two additional phases have been added, a non-cycling state G1′, and a pre-death phase D. The duration of these additional phases is determined by cumulative glutamine content and ammonia concentration, respectively. It is assumed that glutamine is only consumed during G1 and antibody is only produced during G1b and S, the kinetics are assumed to be zero-order. Glucose is consumed throughout the cell cycle at a rate that is dependent upon its prevalent concentration. Ammonia and lactate are produced in direct proportion to glutamine and glucose consumption, respectively. Parameters in the model have been determined from experimental data or from fitting the model to post-synchronisation data. The model thus fitted has been used to successfully predict this cell lines behaviour in conventional batch culture at different initial glutamine concentrations, and in chemostat culture at steady-state and in response to a glutamine pulse. The model predicts viable cell, glutamine, glucose and lactate kinetics well, but there are some discrepancies in the prediction for ammonia and antibody. Overall, the results obtained support the assumptions made in the model relating to the regulation of cell cycle progression. It is concluded that this approach has the potential to be exploited with other cell lines and used in a model-based control scheme. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBiochemical Engineering Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • Cells
  • Cell Cycle
  • Cell Division


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