A method for increasing 3D body scanning’s precision: Gryphon and consecutive scanning

Christopher J. Parker, Simeon Gill, Adrian Harwood, Steven G. Hayes, Maryam Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The fashion industry cannot use 3 D Body Scanning to create custom garment patterns because its measurements fail to meet ISO 20685:2010’s tolerances. To advance 3 D Body Scanning’s precision, we present Gryphon: an algorithm that removes the two most extreme measurements from five body scans; removing potentially erroneous data. We assess Gryphon’s precision against current industry practice, determine if consecutive and non-consecutive data capture influences precision, and determine 3 D Body Scanning’s inherent imprecision inherent. We analyse 97 participants over 121 industry-standard measurements for consecutive and non-consecutive data-capture through MANOVA statistical analysis. Under current industry practice, only one measurement meets ISO 20685. However, under Gryphon and consecutive scanning, 97.5% of measurements meet ISO 20685. We also prove that the body’s in-scan movement does not affect reliability. Ultimately, we offer the fashion industry, ergonomists, and practitioners an accessible method to increase 3 D Body Scanning’s precision at a level unavailable under previous methods. Practitioner Summary: Ergonomists need precise data, yet we prove 0% of 3 D Body Scanning’s measurements meet ISO 20685’s tolerances. Our analysis of 97 participants scans, shows consecutive scanning is necessary to achieve data suitable for anthropometric applications. We develop the Gryphon process with consecutive scanning, making 97.3% of measurements meet ISO 20685. Abbreviations: ISO: International Organisation for Standards; Three Dimensional: 3D; MANOVA: Multivariate analysis of variance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-59
Number of pages21
Issue number1
Early online date19 May 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2022


  • 3D body scanning
  • anthropometrics
  • measurement
  • precision
  • reliability


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