A microdeletion del(12)(p11.21p11.23) with a cryptic unbalanced translocation t(7;12)(q21.13;q23.1) implicates new candidate loci for intellectual disability and Kallmann syndrome

Afif Ben-Mahmoud, Shotaro Kishikawa, Vijay Gupta, Natalia T Leach, Yiping Shen, Oana Moldovan, Himanshu Goel, Bruce Hopper, Kara Ranguin, Nicolas Gruchy, Saskia M Maas, Yves Lacassie, Soo-Hyun Kim, Woo-Yang Kim, Bradley J Quade, Cynthia C Morton, Cheol-Hee Kim, Lawrence C Layman, Hyung-Goo Kim

Research output: Working paperPreprint

Abstract

In an apparently balanced translocation t(7;12)(q22;q24)dn exhibiting both Kallmann syndrome (KS) and intellectual disability (ID), we detected a cryptic heterozygous 4.7 Mb del(12)(p11.21p11.23) unrelated to the translocation breakpoint. This new finding raised the possibility that KS combined with neurological disorder in this patient could be caused by gene(s) within this deletion at 12p11.21-12p11.23 instead of disrupted or dysregulated genes at the genomic breakpoints. Screening of five candidate genes at both breakpoints in 48 KS patients we recruited found no mutation, corroborating our supposition. To substantiate this hypothesis further, we recruited six additional subjects with small CNVs and analyzed eight individuals carrying small CNVs in this region from DECIPHER to dissect 12p11.21-12p11.23. We used multiple complementary approaches including a phenotypic-genotypic comparison of reported cases, a review of knockout animal models recapitulating the human phenotypes, and analyses of reported variants in the interacting genes with corresponding phenotypes. The results identified one potential KS candidate gene ( TSPAN11 ), seven candidate genes for the neurodevelopmental disorder ( TM7SF3 , STK38L , ARNTL2 , ERGIC2 , TMTC1 , DENND5B , and ETFBKMT ), and four candidate genes for KS with ID ( INTS13 , REP15 , PPFIBP1 , and FAR2 ). The high-level expression pattern in the relevant human tissues further suggested the candidacy of these genes. We propose that the dosage alterations of the candidate genes may contribute to sexual and/or cognitive impairment in patients with KS and/or ID. Further identification of point mutations through next generation sequencing will be necessary to confirm their causal roles.

Original languageEnglish
PublisherResearch Square
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2023

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NameResearch Square
PublisherResearch Square

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