A modelling framework for developing early warning systems of COPD emergency admissions

Olatunji Johnson, Jo Knight, Emanuele Giorgi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide and is a major contributor to the number of emergency admissions in the UK. We introduce a modelling framework for the development of early warning systems for COPD emergency admissions. We analyse the number of COPD emergency admissions using a Poisson generalised linear mixed model. We group risk factors into three main groups, namely pollution, weather and deprivation. We then carry out variable selection within each of the three domains of COPD risk. Based on a threshold of incidence rate, we then identify the model giving the highest sensitivity and specificity through the use of exceedance probabilities. The developed modelling framework provides a principled likelihood-based approach for detecting the exceedance of thresholds in COPD emergency admissions. Our results indicate that socio-economic risk factors are key to enhance the predictive power of the model.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100392
JournalSpatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology
Early online date11 Nov 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2021


  • COPD
  • Early warning system
  • Exceedance probabilities
  • Generalised linear mixed model
  • Spatio-temporal models


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