A modified in vivo flow variation technique of microdialysis for sampling uremic toxins in the subcutaneous interstitial compartment

Leonard Ebah, Paul Brenchley, Beatrice Coupes, Sandip Mitra

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Abstract

Background: Uremic toxins are typically measured in plasma and little is known of their interstitial concentrations. We undertook experiments to validate a microdialysis technique for simultaneous recovery of small and large uremic toxins in the subcutaneous interstitial fluid (ISF). Methods: Microdialysis catheters were inserted into the subcutaneous interstitium of 8 subjects (controls and uremic patients) and perfused using two different solutions at incremental flow rates to determine analyte recovery and ISF concentrations of urea and protein. Results: 10% dextran-40 perfusate allowed the determination of interstitial concentrations of urea and protein reliably, by virtue of the exponential decay of their concentrations in the microdialysate with incremental flow rates (R 2 = 0.63-0.99). Interstitial and plasma urea correlated well (r = 0.95), as did interstitial urea from distant anatomical sites (r = 0.96). Conclusion: Cutaneous microdialysis with dextran-40 allows measurement of small and large molecule concentrations in ISF, creating an opportunity to characterize ISF in uremia. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-103
Number of pages8
JournalBlood Purification
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

Keywords

  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Interstitium
  • Microdialysis
  • Uremic toxins

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