A phase 2 trial investigating the effects of the angiotensin II type 2 receptor agonist C21 in systemic sclerosis-related Raynaud's

Ariane L Herrick, Rohit Batta, Kamilla Overbeck, Johan Raud, Joanne Manning, Andrea Murray, Graham Dinsdale, Göran Tornling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVE: Our main aim was to investigate the effect of a single oral dose of C21, a selective angiotensin II type 2 receptor agonist, on cold-induced vasoconstriction in SSc-related RP.

METHODS: This was a phase IIa, randomized, double-blind, cross-over, single-dose, placebo-controlled, single-centre study. Twelve female patients with SSc (median age 58.5 years, median duration of RP 19.0 years) attended on four occasions: screening, treatment visits 1 and 2 (separated by 3-7 days) and follow-up. At the first treatment visit, patients were randomized to receive either a single oral dose of C21 (200 mg) or placebo, then the opposite treatment on the second visit. Forty min after each treatment, each patient underwent a standard hand cold challenge. The primary end point was the area under the curve (AUC) for rewarming for each finger (eight fingers) over 15 min. Secondary end points included the maximum finger temperature after rewarming (MAX). Statistical analyses were performed by multiplicative ANCOVA models.

RESULTS: For all eight fingers combined, mean AUC for rewarming was higher after treatment with C21 than after placebo (geometric mean 20 046°C*s vs 19 558°C*s), but not significantly (P = 0.380) and MAX (at 15 min) was also higher (geometric mean 23.5°C vs 22.5°C; P = 0.036). C21 was well tolerated.

CONCLUSION: Despite the small trial size, a signal emerged suggesting that even in patients with established SSc, C21 may confer benefit for RP and deserves further investigation.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, https://clinicaltrials.gov, NCT04388176.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)824-828
Number of pages5
JournalRheumatology (Oxford, England)
Issue number2
Early online date27 Jul 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2023


  • Humans
  • Female
  • Middle Aged
  • Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 2/therapeutic use
  • Scleroderma, Systemic/complications
  • Fingers
  • Body Temperature
  • Raynaud Disease/etiology


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