A Questionnaire Study of The Negative Outcomes for U.K. health professional volunteers in Low and Middle Income Countries

Natasha Tyler, Helen L Ackers, Anya Ahmed, Ged Byrne, Lucie Byrne-Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Past research has reported considerable benefits of international health professional volunteering for British healthcare professionals, however there are also some negative outcomes reported. Negative outcomes reportedly happen on personal, professional and organisational level. However, there is little evidence of the frequency they might occur.
We aimed to understand what the negative outcomes of health professional volunteering in low and middle income countries were, and how frequently they occurred, in an opportunistic sample of UK health professionals. We used a questionnaire developed using potential negative outcomes reported in peer-reviewed papers. We conducted secondary analysis on cross-sectional questionnaire data from 222 healthcare professionals.
This research provides an indication of the frequency that negative outcomes might occur. Post-hoc analyses revealed some outcomes were experienced by the majority of health professional volunteers, e.g. lack of formal recognition (131/169, 78%) and financial cost (92/169, 68%). Whilst others happened less, e.g. a reliance on agency or locum work (12/169, 7%) and loss of pension (31/169, 18%).
The outcomes reported in this research quantify some of the concerns that have been raised in previous literature. Negative outcomes might be associated with certain features of volunteering and further research is needed to prospectively compare different features. Organisers of volunteering opportunities should be aware of the potential negative outcomes and engage with the research into negative outcomes to generate and apply findings about minimising potential negative outcomes, carefully balancing these against the needs of the host country.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBMJ Open
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 8 May 2020


Dive into the research topics of 'A Questionnaire Study of The Negative Outcomes for U.K. health professional volunteers in Low and Middle Income Countries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this