A Randomized Trial of a Brace for Patellofemoral Osteoarthritis Targeting Knee Pain and Bone Marrow Lesions

Michael Callaghan, Matthew Parkes, Charles Hutchinson, Andrew Gait, Laura Forsythe, Elizabeth Marjanovic, Mark Lunt, David Felson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective Braces used to treat (PF) osteoarthritis (OA) may reduce contact stress across the PF joint. We hypothesised that in PF OA, braces would decrease knee pain and shrink PF bone marrow lesions (BMLs). Methods Eligible subjects had painful PF OA. Subjects were randomly allocated to brace or no brace for 6 weeks. Knee MRIs were acquired at baseline and 6 weeks. We measured BMLs on post-contrast fat suppressed sagittal and proton density weighted axial images. The primary symptom outcome was change in pain at 6 weeks during a preselected painful activity, and the primary structural outcome was BML volume change in the PF joint. Analyses used multiple linear regression. Results We randomised 126 subjects aged 40–70 years (mean age 55.5  years; 72 females (57.1%)). Mean nominated visual analogue scale (0–10 cm) pain score at baseline was 6.5 cm. 94 knees (75%) had PF BMLs at baseline. Subjects wore the brace for a mean of 7.4 h/day. 6 subjects withdrew during the trial. After accounting for baseline values, the brace group had lower knee pain than the control group at 6 weeks (difference between groups −1.3 cm, 95% CI −2.0 to −0.7; p<0.001) and reduced PF BML volume (difference −490.6 mm3, 95% CI −929.5 to −51.7; p=0.03) but not tibiofemoral volume (difference −53.9 mm3, 95% CI −625.9 to 518.2; p=0.85). Conclusions A PF brace reduces BML volume in the targeted compartment of the knee, and relieves knee pain.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1164-1170
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of the rheumatic diseases
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jan 2015


  • Knee Osteoarthritis
  • Rehabilitation
  • Treatment


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