A systematic analysis of TCA Escherichia coli mutants reveals suitable genetic backgrounds for enhanced hydrogen and ethanol production using glycerol as main carbon source

Antonio Valle, Gema Cabrera, Howbeer Muhamadali, Drupad K. Trivedi, Nicholas J.W. Ratray, Royston Goodacre, Domingo Cantero, Jorge Bolivar

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Biodiesel has emerged as an environmentally friendly alternative to fossil fuels; however, the low price of glycerol feed-stocks generated from the biodiesel industry has become a burden to this industry. A feasible alternative is the microbial biotransformation of waste glycerol to hydrogen and ethanol. Escherichia coli, a microorganism commonly used for metabolic engineering, is able to biotransform glycerol into these products. Nevertheless, the wild type strain yields can be improved by rewiring the carbon flux to the desired products by genetic engineering. Due to the importance of the central carbon metabolism in hydrogen and ethanol synthesis, E. coli single null mutant strains for enzymes of the TCA cycle and other related reactions were studied in this work. These strains were grown anaerobically in a glycerol-based medium and the concentrations of ethanol, glycerol, succinate and hydrogen were analysed by HPLC and GC. It was found that the reductive branch is the more relevant pathway for the aim of this work, with malate playing a central role. It was also found that the putative C4-transporter dcuD mutant improved the target product yields. These results will contribute to reveal novel metabolic engineering strategies for improving hydrogen and ethanol production by E. coli.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1750-1761
    Number of pages12
    JournalBiotechnology journal
    Volume10
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 9 Jun 2015

    Keywords

    • Bioethanol production
    • Biohydrogen production
    • Escherichia coli
    • Glycerol feed-stocks
    • Tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle

    Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

    • Manchester Institute of Biotechnology

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'A systematic analysis of TCA Escherichia coli mutants reveals suitable genetic backgrounds for enhanced hydrogen and ethanol production using glycerol as main carbon source'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this