Absorption, dissociation, locus of control and presence in virtual reality

Craig D. Murray, Jezz Fox, Steve Pettifer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The present study aimed to explore the relationship between a number of psychological variables and a reported sense of presence in immersive virtual reality (IVR). It was hypothesised that participants' scores on measures of absorption, dissociation, and external locus of control would be positively and significantly correlated with a measure of their sense of presence in IVR. A total of 64 people took part. Significant correlations were found between presence and dissociation (r = 0.403, p <0.01), and presence and locus of control (r = 0.268, p <0.05). However, the correlation between presence and absorption was not significant (r = -0.037, p = 0.386). The findings reported here suggest a complex interrelationship of psychological variables in relation to presence in IVR that warrants further research. © 2004.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1347-1354
    Number of pages7
    JournalComputers in human behavior
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2007


    • Absorption
    • Dissociation
    • Locus of control
    • Presence
    • Virtual reality


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