Action research for transformative change

Thami Croeser, Sarah Clement, Marta Fernandez, Georgia Garrard, Ian Mell, Sarah Bekessy

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

21 Downloads (Pure)


As major policy actors (e.g. governments, global organisations) grapple with 'wicked’ sustainability challenges, the use of demonstration projects or ‘living labs’ has promise in showcasing potential solutions. However, these projects can struggle
to realise enduring change, with initial experimental deliverables tending not to be replicated and remaining as once-offs. As well as demonstrating solutions, projects also need to overcome the considerable inertia in the complex systems of organisations and institutions that govern (or indeed generate) sustainability problems. Here we argue that demonstration projects, while initially impactful, could be more likely to realise transformative change if they were designed more thoroughly as action research projects, working with partners to not only deliver and measure demonstrations of solutions, but also demonstrate changes to organisations and institutions to remove barriers and facilitate replication. We note the important role of
both engaged leadership and explicitly-stated theories of change in maximising the potential of projects designed in this way.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)665-670
Number of pages6
JournalSustainability Science
Issue number2
Early online date23 Jan 2024
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024


  • Action research
  • Demonstration projects
  • Innovation
  • Living labs
  • Mainstreaming
  • Replication
  • Transformative change


Dive into the research topics of 'Action research for transformative change'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this