Activational effects of testosterone on cognitive function in men

Daryl B. O'Connor, John Archer, W. Morton Hair, Frederick C W Wu

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Objectives: The effect of testosterone (T) on sexual function in men is well established. However, less is known about its effects on cognitive function. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between T levels and sex-typed cognitive abilities in both eugonadal and hypogonadal men. Design: A single-blind placebo-controlled design was employed in this study. Methods: Thirty healthy eugonadal men and seven hypogonadal men participated in the study. Eugonadal men were randomised into one of two treatment regimens: (1) active group - receiving 200 mg of T enanthate i.m. weekly for 8 weeks (raising T levels into the supraphysiological range) or (2) placebo group - receiving 200 mg of sodium chloride i.m. weekly for 8 weeks. The hypogonadal group received the physiological replacement dose of 200 mg T enanthate i.m. bi-weekly for 8 weeks. All groups underwent a battery of neuropsychological tests and had circulating T measured at baseline, and at weeks 4 and 8 during treatment. Results: A significant time by group interaction effect was found in the measure of spatial ability (i.e., block design test) indicating that the active group's performance declined significantly at week 4, compared to placebo group (F(4,64)=3.78, P
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1385-1394
    Number of pages9
    Issue number13
    Publication statusPublished - 18 Oct 2001


    • Activational
    • Estradiol
    • Eugonadal
    • Hypogonadal
    • Spatial ability
    • Verbal fluency


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