Active and passive immunity, vaccine types, excipients and licensing

David Baxter

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Immunity is the state of protection against infectious disease conferred either through an immune response generated by immunization or previous infection or by other non-immunological factors. This article reviews active and passive immunity and the differences between them: it also describes the four different commercially available vaccine types (live attenuated, killed/inactivated, subunit and toxoid): it also looks at how these different vaccines generate an adaptive immune response. © The Author 2007. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Occupational Medicine. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)552-556
    Number of pages4
    JournalOccupational Medicine
    Issue number8
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007


    • Active immunity
    • Immunization
    • Immunoglobulin preparations
    • Passive immunity
    • Vaccine excipients
    • Vaccine licensing
    • Vaccine types


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