Acute NIV and mortality - failure of delivery or patient selection?

S Zaidi, Kate MacFarlane, Katherine Dodd, V. Ford, H Ashcroft, J Cheney, V Molyneux, B Chakrabarti, J O'Reilly, N Duffy, R Angus, R Parker

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterpeer-review


Background :Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is an established treatment for patients with acute ventilatory failure. It can be successfully provided on a specialist ward, rather than intensive care (ICU) when certain criteria are met. It is frequently delivered outside ICU when a patient is deemed not suitable for invasive ventilation. Methods: Deaths in 2012 on our dedicated ventilation unit were analysed as part of ongoing clinical governance. Information on demographics, admission diagnosis, respiratory and metabolic acidosis, consolidation or pulmonary oedema on chest radiograph reports, Glasgow Coma Score (GCS), serum creatinine and hospital length of stay prior to NIV were recorded. Escalation of care and resuscitation decisions were noted. Results: There were 228 admissions for acute NIV, with 31 recorded deaths (13.6%), 22 case notes were available for review. Mean age was 79 years, 77.3% had known COPD, admission median MRC score of 4, and 18.2% had been in hospital for >7 days before NIV. All had acute hypercapnic respiratory failure. Not for resuscitation decisions had been made for 95.5% prior to NIV, and 100% had NIV as a ‘ceiling of care’. Mean pH was 7.25 (SD 0.06), similar to previous reports of admissions to our unit1, 22% had mixed acidosis (BE <-2.0 mmol/l). GCS was <8 in 9% and 36.4% had serum creatinine >100 µmol/l, all triggering alerts for acute kidney injury. Admission diagnoses are shown in figure 1. Radiographic consolidation was reported in 59.1% and pulmonary oedema in 18.2%.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventBritish thoracic society winter meeting - QE11 , London, UK
Duration: 4 Dec 20136 Dec 2013


ConferenceBritish thoracic society winter meeting
CityQE11 , London, UK


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