Adolescent loneliness across the world and its relation to school climate, national culture, and academic performance.

Rebecca Jefferson, Manuela Barreto, Frederick Jones, Jasmine Conway, Aishwarya Chohan, Katrine Rich Madsen, Lily Verity, Kimberly J. Petersen, Pamela Qualter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. Loneliness during adolescence has adverse consequences for mental health, education, and employment outcomes. Yet, we know little about common correlates of loneliness among adolescents, making intervention work difficult. Aims. In the current study, we (1) explore individual, school, and country level correlates of loneliness to help identify potential intervention targets, and (2) examine the influence of loneliness on academic performance. Sample. 518210 students aged 15 years from 75 countries provided self-reported loneliness data. Results. Using multi-level modelling, we found individual-, school-, and country-level correlates of self-reported school-based loneliness, and showed that loneliness negatively influenced academic performance. Conclusions. Based on the findings, interventions that focus on enhancing social and emotional skills, increasing trust between teachers and students, and changing school climate to be more inclusive are likely to be the most effective for adolescents; they should also be culturally sensitive.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Educational Psychology
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 11 May 2023

Keywords

  • LONELINESS
  • ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE
  • PISA
  • CULTURE
  • ADOLESCENTS
  • SCHOOL CLIMATE
  • TEACHER-STUDENT RELATIONSHIP

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