We have employed an amino derivative of the imidazoline ligand, efaroxan, to isolate imidazoline binding proteins from solubilised extracts of rat brain, by affinity chromatography. A number of proteins were specifically retained on the affinity column and one of these was immunoreactive with an antiserum raised against the ion conducting pore component of the ATP-sensitive potassium channel. Patch clamp experiments confirmed that, like its parent compound, amino-efaroxan blocks ATP-sensitive potassium channels in human pancreatic β-cells and can stimulate the insulin secretion from these cells. The results reveal that a member of the ion conducting pore component family is strongly associated with imidazoline binding proteins in brain and in the endocrine pancreas. Copyright (C) 1999 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.
- ATP-sensitive potassium channel
- I site
- Insulin secretion