Aggravating racism and elusive motivation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Since the implementation of the 1998 Crime and Disorder Act, courts in England and Wales have seen an increase in the number of racially aggravated charges brought before them. However, the extent to which racism is central, rather than ancillary to, the offences prosecuted under this law remains contested, both in individual legal cases and in criminological writing about hate and bias-motivated crime. Using the narrative accounts of one man convicted of perpetrating a racially aggravated assault, this article outlines how important it is to engage with the complexity of motivation as it is perceived by offenders and the necessity of developing analytic approaches capable of transcending what offenders say about their attitudes to race.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)755-771
Number of pages16
JournalBritish Journal of Criminology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2009


  • Crime and disorder act
  • Hate crime
  • Practice
  • Psychoanalysis
  • Psychosocial
  • Racial motivation
  • Racially aggravated crime


Dive into the research topics of 'Aggravating racism and elusive motivation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this