Alkali-cation-incorporated and functionalized iron oxide nanoparticles for methyl blue removal/decomposition

N Joseph Singh, Boris Wareppam, Subrata Ghosh (Corresponding), B Prasad Sahu, P K Ajiklumar, H Premjit Singh, Soumee Chakraborty, S S Pati, A C Oliveira, Suelen Barg, V K Garg, L Herojit Singh (Corresponding)

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Enhancing the rate of decomposition or removal of organic dye by designing novel nanostructures is a subject of intensive research aimed at improving waste-water treatment in the textile and pharmaceutical industries. Despite radical progress in this challenging area using iron-based nanostructures, enhancing stability and dye adsorption performance is highly desirable. In the present manuscript alkali cations are incorporated into iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) to tailor their structural and magnetic properties and to magnify methyl blue (MB) removal/decomposition capability. The process automatically functionalizes the IONPs without any additional steps. The plausible mechanisms proposed for IONPs incubated in alkali chloride and hydroxide solutions are based on structural investigation and correlated with the removal/adsorption capabilities. The MB adsorption kinetics of the incubated IONPs is elucidated by the pseudo second-order reaction model. Not only are the functional groups of –OH and –Cl attached to the surface of the NPs, the present investigation also reveals that the presence of alkali cations significantly influences the MB adsorption kinetics and correlates with the cation content and atomic polarizability.
Original languageEnglish
Article number42
Pages (from-to)425703
Number of pages16
Issue number42
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jul 2020


  • ron oxide nanoparticles
  • structural properties
  • surface modification
  • dye adsorption
  • waste-water treatment


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