Amylin gene promoter mutations predispose to Type 2 diabetes in New Zealand Maori.

N R Poa, G J S Cooper, P F Edgar

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AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Amylin gene mutations are known to predispose Chinese and Japanese subjects, but not Caucasian subjects, to Type 2 diabetes. New Zealand Maori, who have a high prevalence of Type 2 diabetes, have genetic origins in South East Asia. Amylin gene mutations could therefore predispose New Zealand Maori to Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: The amylin gene was screened for mutations in the proximal promoter region, exons 1 and 2, intron 1, and coding region of exon 3 by polymerase chain reaction amplification and direct sequencing of 131 Type 2 diabetic Maori patients and 258 non-diabetic Maori control subjects. RESULTS: We identified three new amylin gene mutations: two mutations in the promoter region (-215T>G and -132G>A) and a missense mutation in exon 3 (Q10R). The -215T>G mutation was observed in 5.4% of Type 2 Maori diabetic patients and predisposed the carrier to diabetes with a relative risk of 7.23. The -215T>G mutation was inherited with a previously described amylin promoter polymorphism (-230A>C) in 3% of the Maori with Type 2 diabetes, which suggests linkage disequilibrium exists between these two mutations. The -230A>C polymorphism on its own, however, was not associated with Type 2 diabetes in Maori subjects. The -132G>A and Q10R mutations were both observed in 0.76% of Type 2 diabetic patients and were absent in non-diabetic subjects. CONCLUSION/INTERPRETATION: The amylin gene mutations identified in this study are associated with Type 2 diabetes in 7% of Maori. Amylin is likely to be an important susceptibility gene for Type 2 diabetes in Maori people.
Original languageEnglish
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2003


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