Amylin has been co-secreted from pancreatic islet β-cells in constant proportion with insulin in some studies. We measured basal and glucose-stimulated amylin and insulin secretion from isolated perfused pancreases of normal and diabetic fatty Zucker rats. Glucose concentrations in the perfusion buffer were increased then decreased in small steps to mimic physiologic changes occurring after a meal. The absolute rate of amylin secretion and the molar ratio of amylin to insulin secreted from diabetic pancreases increased dramatically when infused glucose concentrations fell. Similar changes also occurred in normal pancreases, although the absolute change in amylin secretion was smaller. These studies provide the first evidence that (i) there is a mechanism within the pancreas whereby independent secretion of amylin and insulin can occur, (ii) the molar ratio of amylin to insulin secreted from both normal and diabetic pancreases can vary over a wide range; and (iii) there are important differences in the kinetics of amylin and insulin secretion or their coupling to stimulation by glucose between the isolated pancreases of normal rats and those with genetically transmitted insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus. © 1991 Academic Press, Inc.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 31 Oct 1991|