An electronic network for the surveillance of antimicrobial resistance in bacterial nosocomial isolates in Greece

A. C. Vatopoulos, V. Kalapothaki, N. J. Legakis, G. Antoniadis, E. Arhondidou, S. Chatzipanagiotou, E. Chinou, A. Chrysaki, V. Daniilidis, F. Deli, G. Genimata, H. Gessouli, P. Golemati, E. Kaili-Papadopoulou, A. Kasuzidou, D. Kailis, E. Kaitsa, M. Êanelopoulou, S. Kitsou-Kyriakopoulou, Z. KomninouE. Kouskouni, C. Koutsia-Karouzou, S. Ktenidou-Kartali, V. Liakou, H. Malamou-Lada, H. Mercuri, C. Nicolopoulou, A. Pagkali, E. Panagiotou, E. Papafragas, A. Perogamvros, C. Poulopoulou, D. Sofianou, G. Theodoropoulou-Rodiou, S. Thermogianni, E. Trikka-Graphakos, O. Vavatsi-Manou, M. Ventouri, E. Vogiatzakis, A. Xanthaki, C. Zagora, A. Karaitianou-Veronaki, E. Chatzidaki, G. Papoutsakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The present article reports an evaluation of the national electronic network for the continuous monitoring of antimicrobial resistance in Greece. The network employs a common electronic code and data format and uses WHONET software. Our four years' experience with the network confirms its practicality. A total of 22 hospitals in Greece are currently using the software, of which 19 participate in the network. Analysis of the information obtained has greatly helped in identifying the main factors responsible for the emergence of antimicrobial resistance in the participating hospitals. The data collected have also helped to identify priorities for further investigation of the genetic and molecular mechanisms responsible for the emergence of resistance and facilitated development of hospital-based empirical therapy of infections. In conclusion, the implementation of national networks for the surveillance of antimicrobial resistance should be regarded as a priority.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)595-601
Number of pages7
JournalWorld Health Organization. Bulletin
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes


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