An EPR and ENDOR investigation of a series of diazabutadiene-group 13 complexes

Robert J. Baker, Robert D. Farley, Cameron Jones, David P. Mills, Marc Kloth, Damien M. Murphy

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    Paramagnetic diazabutadienegallium(II or III) complexes, [(Ar-DAB) 2Ga] and [{(Ar-DAB•)GaX}2] (X = Br or I; Ar-DAB = {N(Ar)C(H)}2, Ar = 2,6-diisopropylphenyl), have been prepared by reactions of an anionic gallium N-heterocyclic carbene analogue, [K(tmeda)][:Ga(Ar-DAB)], with either "GaI" or [MoBr 2(CO)2(PPh3)2]. A related In III complex, [(Ar-DAB•)InCl2(thf)], has also been prepared. These compounds were characterised by X-ray crystallography and EPR/ENDOR spectroscopy. The EPR spectra of all metal(III) complexes incorporating the Ar-DAB ligand, [(Ar-DAB•)MX2(thf)n] (M = Al, Ga or In; X = Cl or I; n = 0 or 1) and [(Ar-DAB)2Ga], confirmed that the unpaired spin density is primarily ligand centred, with weak hyperfine couplings to Al (a = 2.85 G), Ga (a = 17 - 25 G) or In (a = 26.1 G) nuclei. Changing the N substituents of the diazabutadiene ligand to tert-butyl groups in the gallium complex, [(tBu-DAB•)GaI2] (tBu-DAB = {N(fBu)C(H)}2), changes the unpaired electron spin distribution producing 1H and 14N couplings of 1.4 G and 8.62 G, while the aryl-substituted complex, [(Ar-DAB•)GaI2], produces couplings of about 5.0 G. These variations were also manifested in the gallium couplings, namely aGa ∼1.4 G for [(tBu-DAB•)GaI2] and aGa ∼25 G for |(Ar-DAB•)GaI2]. The EPR spectra of the gallium(II) and indium(II) diradical complexes, [{(Ar-DAB•)GaBr}2], [{(Ar-DAB•)GaI}2], [{(tBu-DAB•)GaI}2] and [{(Ar-DAB•)InCl}2], revealed doublet ground states, indicating that the Ga-Ga and In-In bonds prevent dipole-dipole coupling of the two unpaired electrons. The EPR spectrum of the previously reported complex, [(Ar-BIAN•)GaI2] (Ar-BIAN = bis(2,6-diisopropylphenylimino)acenaphthene) is also described. The hyperfine tensors for the imine protons, and the aryl and tert-butyl protons were obtained by ENDOR spectroscopy. In [(Ar-DAB•)-GaI2], gallium hyperfine and quadrupolar couplings were detected for the first time. © 2005 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2972-2982
    Number of pages10
    JournalChemistry - A European Journal
    Issue number10
    Publication statusPublished - 6 May 2005


    • ENDOR spectroscopy
    • EPR spectroscopy
    • Gallium
    • Group 13 elements
    • Radicals
    • Structure elucidation


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