An S-band cryogenic phased array feed for radio astronomy

Mark A McCulloch, Michael D’Cruze, Keith Grainge, Michael Keith, Simon Melhuish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We describe the design and ground testing of a prototype S-band cryogenic phased array feed. The feed uses 6-mm thick solid aluminium Vivaldi antennas, which were designed using a commercial electromagnetic simulation software. The antennas are designed for easy removal and 40 of them have been integrated into an array. The return loss, inter-element coupling, and beam patterns have been tested at room temperature and found to agree with simulations. For cryogenic testing the array has been combined with an existing analogue receiver chain and integrated into an cryostat. When tested at 30 K in aperture array mode the system was found to possess a minimum receiver temperature of 12 K. Increasing the number of elements and combining the array with a beam former would make it a suitable phased array feed for radio-astronomy applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)432-440
Number of pages9
JournalRAS Techniques and Instruments
Issue number1
Early online date7 Jul 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Jul 2023


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