A convenience sample of 154 edentulous patients referred for implant provision at a Regional National Health Service Dental Hospital in the North West of England were identified. The cephalometric radiographs that were taken as part of the patient baseline investigation were assessed. Digital tracing was used to measure the anterior maxillary and mandibular bone height and ridge angle with respect to the maxillary and mandibular planes. The mean height of the bone in the maxilla was found to be 14 mm, and the mean ridge angle for the anterior maxillary residual ridge is 104 ◦. The mean height of bone in the mandible was 18 mm, while the mean ridge angle for the anterior mandibular residual ridge was 77 ◦. Using the Cawood and Howell classification demonstrated that class VI mandibles were the most common. The cross-sectional shape of the mandible varied, with the triangular shape most common. Although there was adequate bone stock for implant placement in these cases, the mandibular residual ridge resorption presents a lingual inclination to the residual bone. The limited residual ridge position and inclination would dictate that conventional implant placement could be challenging.
- Lateral cephalometric radiograph
- Residual ridge