Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene polymorphisms in patients characterised by coronary angiography

C.A. Foy, G.I. Rice, N. Ossei-Gerning, M.W. Mansfield, Peter J. Grant

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The angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene is implicated as a risk factor for coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction (MI). An insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism is believed to be in linkage disequilibrium with a functional site elsewhere. Ten polymorphisms have recently been identified in the ACE gene. We screened patients undergoing coronary angiography (n = 258) for six of these polymorphisms (T-5491C, T-93C, A-240T, T1237C, D/I and 4656(CT)2/3), and identified a further two rare polymorphisms. ACE levels were associated with genotype for all polymorphisms analysed individually by one way ANOVA (P < 0.0005). The polymorphisms occurring in the 5' region were in negative linkage disequilibrium with the exonic and 3' region polymorphisms. The A-240T polymorphism had the greatest association with ACE levels (R2 = 14%); none of the others were significantly associated with levels when adjustment was made for A-240T. None of the polymorphisms were associated with the extent of coronary atheroma. Two of the promoter polymorphisms (A-240T and T-93C) were weakly related to the occurrence of MI (P = 0.03 and P = 0.05, respectively, by chi 2 analysis). The TT genotype of A-240T appeared to be protective against MI with an odds ratio of 0.31 (95% confidence interval, 0.12, 0.83). These findings indicate that polymorphisms in the ACE gene promoter region may have a stronger association with disease than the I/D polymorphism.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)420-425
Number of pages6
JournalHuman Genetics
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1997


  • Adult
  • Chest pain
  • Coronary angiography
  • Coronary disease
  • Myocardial infarction

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