Anion transport blockers inhibit DL-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate responses induced by quisqualate in the rat cerebral cortex

J. P. Turner

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    Depolarizing responses to DL-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate (AP4) and related amino acids have been studied in the rat cerebral cortex slice following the application of quisqualate (Quis). 2. Before exposure to Quis, 500 μM DL-Ap4 had little or no effect. However, following a single application of 40 μM Quis for 2 min, DL-AP4 produced depolarizing responses. With repeated applications of DL-AP4, there was a decline in response amplitude. A second application of Quis restored the depolarizing potency of DL-AP4 to a level above that for the first DL-AP4 response after the first Quis application. With a sequence of alternate applications of Quis and DL-AP4, the amplitude of DL-AP4 responses became maximal after the second Quis application. Responses to DL-AP4 could also be induced by the application of 1 μM Quis for 60 min, but were smaller in amplitude. 3. Responses to the normally inactive amino acids L-cysteine (Cys), L-cystathionine (CTN) and L-α-aminoadipate (A) were also induced once Quis was applied. These responses were also maximized after a second application of Quis, except those to L-Cys, which failed to reach a plateau after three Quis applications. 4. The co-application of DL-AP4 with the first Quis application depressed the subsequent mean DL-AP4 response by 47%. Re-application of Quis restored the amplitude of DL-AP4 responses to levels comparable to control. L-α-AA also suppressed the induction of DL-AP4 responses, when co-applied with the first Quis exposure, reducing mean response amplitude by 98%. Unlike DL-AP4, however, the effect with L-α-AA persisted so that DL-AP4 responses were significantly suppressed compared to control, even after further applications of Quis. 5. The effects of the anion transport blockers, 4,4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulphonic acid (DIDS) and 4-acetoamido-4'-isothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulphonic acid (SITS) on the induction process and the DL-AP4 responses themselves were examined. DIDS (100 μM) significantly inhibited the DL-AP4 responses, and to a lesser extent the induction of the responses by 40 μM Quis (2 min), while SITS (300 μM) only inhibited the DL-AP4 responses. However, the induction of responses by 1 μM Quis (60 min) was significantly affected by this concentration of SITS. 6. DIDS (100 μM) had no effect on responses to α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA), but selectively potentiated those to Quis. Examination of the full concentration-response curve for Quis revaled that, while the R(max) remained constant, the Hill slope was increased and the EC50 was decreased in the presence of DIDS. SITS (300 μM), however, antagonized responses to AMPA, and had little effect on responses to Quis except at the highest concentration of Quis tested (20 μM), where a potentiation was observed, suggesting that it is a non-NMDA receptor antagonist. 7. These observations indicate that the production of depolarizing responses to a number of amino acids, including DL-AP4, in the cerebral cortex is mediated via an anion transport mechanism sensitive to DIDS and SITS, and that the exchange of DL-AP4 for a sequestered excitatory amino acid receptor agonist, probably Quis, could underlie the production of these responses. Indeed, Q is is apparently sequestered via a similar process. However, the involvement of such a process in the induction of these responses remains inconclusive.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)449-458
    Number of pages9
    JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1993


    • Anion
    • Cerebral cortex
    • DL-2-Amino-4-phosphonobutyrate
    • Quisqualate
    • Transport


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