Anisotropic superconductivity at KTaO 3 (111) interfaces

Ethan G. Arnault, Athby H. Al-Tawhid, Salva Salmani-Rezaie, David A. Muller, Divine P. Kumah, Mohammad S. Bahramy, Gleb Finkelstein, Kaveh Ahadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A two-dimensional, anisotropic superconductivity was recently found at the KTaO 3(111) interfaces. The nature of the anisotropic superconducting transition remains a subject of debate. To investigate the origins of the observed behavior, we grew epitaxial KTaO 3(111)-based heterostructures. We show that the superconductivity is robust against the in-plane magnetic field and violates the Pauli limit. We also show that the Cooper pairs are more resilient when the bias is along [112] (I ∥ [112]) and the magnetic field is along [110] (B ∥ [110]). We discuss the anisotropic nature of superconductivity in the context of electronic structure, orbital character, and spin texture at the KTaO 3(111) interfaces. The results point to future opportunities to enhance superconducting transition temperatures and critical fields in crystalline, two-dimensional superconductors with strong spin-orbit coupling.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScience Advances
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2023

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