Appearance and Reality in Ancient Egyptian Votive Animal Mummies

Lidija Mcknight, Richard Bibb, Roberta Mazza, Andrew Chamberlain

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The application of non-invasive imaging techniques to wrapped mummified remains from ancient Egypt is well-attested, with mummified animals produced as votive offerings being no exception. In order to fully investigate their production and purpose, imaging data alone is insufficient, mainly due to the wide range of species mummified and the variations witnessed in bundle contents. This research note describes a large multi-disciplinary research project combining traditional macroscopic and radiographic analysis with 3D visualisation and replication techniques to allow for improved identification of bundle contents. Once bundle contents are established enabling validation of mummy types (true or pseudo) against perceived identifications as detailed in museum records, quantitative analysis will identify patterns in the dataset.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-57
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Ancient Egyptian Interconnections
Issue numberDecember 2018
Publication statusPublished - 27 Nov 2018


  • animal mummies
  • Egypt
  • Votive
  • Religion


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