Are non-functional, unfolded proteins ('junk proteins') common in the genome?

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    Abstract

    It has recently been shown that many proteins are unfolded in their functional state. In addition, a large number of stretches of protein sequences are predicted to be unfolded. It has been argued that the high frequency of occurrence of these predicted unfolded sequences indicates that the majority of these sequences must also be functional. These sequences tend to be of low complexity. It is well established that certain types of low-complexity sequences are genetically unstable, and are prone to expand in the genome. It is possible, therefore, that in addition to these well-characterised functional unfolded proteins, there are a large number of unfolded proteins that are non-functional. Analogous to 'junk DNA' these protein sequences may arise due to physical characteristics of DNA. Their high frequency may reflect, therefore, the high probability of expansion in the genome. Such 'junk proteins' would not be advantageous, and may be mildly deleterious to the cell. © 2003 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of the Federation of European Biochemical Societies.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)237-239
    Number of pages2
    JournalFEBS Letters
    Volume554
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2003

    Keywords

    • Evolution
    • Junk proteins
    • Low-complexity sequences
    • Natively unfolded proteins

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