Artificial Molecular Motors

Salma Kassem, Thomas van Leeuwen, Anouk S Lubbe, Miriam Wilson, B L Feringa

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    Abstract

    Motor proteins are nature's solution for directing movement at the molecular level. The field of artificial molecular motors takes inspiration from these tiny but powerful machines. Although directional motion on the nanoscale performed by synthetic molecular machines is a relatively new development, significant advances have been made. In this review an overview is given of the principal designs of artificial molecular motors and their modes of operation. Although synthetic molecular motors have also found widespread application as (multistate) switches, we focus on the control of directional movement, both at the molecular scale and at larger magnitudes. We identify some key challenges remaining in the field.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2592-2621
    Number of pages30
    JournalChemical Society Reviews
    Volume46
    Early online date20 Apr 2017
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

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