Artificial ribonucleases (aRNases) are small compounds catalysing RNA cleavage. Recently we demonstrated that aRNases readily inactivate various viruses in vitro. Here, for three series of aRNases (1,4-diazabicyclo [2.2.2]octane-based and peptide-like compounds) we show that apart from ribonuclease activity the aRNases display chaotropic-like and membranolytic activities. The levels of membranolytic and chaotropic-like activities correlate well with the efficiency of various viruses inactivation (enveloped, non-enveloped, RNA-, DNA-containing). We evaluated the impact of these activities on the efficiency of virus inactivation and found: i) the synergism between membranolytic and chaotropic-like activities is sufficient for the inactivation of enveloped viruses (influenza A, encephalitis, vaccinia viruses) for 1,4-diazabicyclo [2.2.2]octane based aRNases, ii) the inactivation of non-enveloped viruses (encephalomyocarditis, acute bee paralysis viruses) is totally dependent on the synergism of chaotropic-like and ribonuclease activities, iii) ribonuclease activity plays a leading role in the inactivation of RNA viruses by aRNases Dp12F6, Dtr12 and K-D-1, iv) peptide-like aRNases (L2-3, K-2) being effective virus killers have a more specific mode of action. Obtained results clearly demonstrate that aRNases represent a new class of broad-spectrum virus-inactivating agents.