Assessing and monitoring the human influence on water quality in response to land transformation within Wular environs of Kashmir Valley

Tariq Ahmad Ganaie, Mehebub Sahana, Haseena Hashia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Wular Lake is the largest freshwater lake of India located in north western Himalayas of Kashmir Valley which has got deteriorated over the period of time due to the enough human interference within its catchment areas. The purpose of the present research study is to identify the changes in land use and land cover in the Wular catchment as well as its transformation into other classes and its impact on the overall water quality of the lake. For the present study Landsat (TM) image of 1992 and Landsat-8 (OLI) of 2015 have been used for assessing the changes in land use/land cover. Supervised classification technique was used to generate LULC maps of different categories pertaining to study area for years 1992 and 2015. Regarding water quality, water samples were collected from five different spots of the lake in four different seasons of the year—from December 2014 to September 2015. The sites from which samples were collected are Vintage Park, Ashtungo, Watlab, Makhdomyari and Ningal as site 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 respectively. Some parameters of water like temperature, transparency, depth, conductivity and pH were examined on the spot during the sample collection by their respective measuring instruments. The rest of the parameters were examined in hydrological laboratory within 24 h after collection following the standard methods of APHA (Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 21st edn. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC, 2005). The relationship between the LULC classes and water quality parameters has been calculated with the help of SHDI which has shown both positive and as well as negative results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1091-1113
Number of pages23
JournalGeoJournal
Volume83
Issue number5
Early online date11 Oct 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018

Keywords

  • Anthropogenic impact
  • Ecosystem
  • Land use/land cover
  • Shannon’s diversity index (SHDI)
  • Water quality

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