Assessing the physical and mechanical properties of 3D printed acrylic material for denture base application

Ahmed Altarazi, Julfikar Haider, Abdulaziz Alhotan, Nick Silikas, Hugh Devlin

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Abstract

Objective
Three-dimensional (3D) printing is increasingly being utilised in the dental field because of its time-saving potential and cost effectiveness. It enables dental practitioners to eliminate several fabrication steps, achieve higher precision, and attain consistency in complex prosthetic models. The properties of 3D-printed resin materials can be affected by many factors, including the printing orientation (PO) and insufficient post-curing time (CT). This study aimed to investigate the effect of PO and CT on the mechanical and physical properties of a 3D-printed denture base resin (NextDent).

Methods
3D-printed specimens were fabricated in 0°, 45°, and 90° POs, followed by three CTs (20, 30, and 50 min). The microhardness was tested using a Vickers hardness test, while the flexural property was evaluated using a three-point bending test. Sorption and solubility were measured after the specimens had been stored in an artificial saliva for 42 days, and the degree of conversion during polymerisation was analysed using Fourier Transform Infra-red (FTIR) spectroscopy.

Results
The flexural strength of the material significantly increased (p < 0.05) when the printing orientation was changed from 0° to 90°. A similar increase was observed in the hardness, degree of conversion, and water sorption results. In general, no significant difference (p > 0.05) in any of the tested properties was found when the post-curing times were increased from 20 to 50 min.

Significance
The highest physical and mechanical properties of the 3D-printed denture base resin can be obtained by printing vertically (90° angle to the platform base). The minimal post-curing time to achieve ideal results is 30 min, as further curing will have no significant effect on the properties of the material.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1841-1854
JournalDental Materials
Volume38
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Polymer resin
  • PMMA
  • Denture base
  • 3D-printing
  • stereolithography

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